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Information about 'Read, Write, Inc.'

Information about Read, Write, Inc.

Below is some information about ‘Read, Write, Inc.’, the phonics programme that we use here at Sheringham Community Primary School and Nursery. This programme will help your child on their way to becoming an independent reader and writer by introducing letters and sounds, and giving strategies for reading and writing words.


Each sound has a saying to help us remember the correct sound i.e. mmmmmountain; sssssssssnake (indicated in blue below) and a saying to help us remember how to form the letters correctly i.e. Maisie, mountain, mountain; slither down the snake (indicated in red below).


Supporting at home

With Read, Write Inc we are using pure sounds, ('mmmm' not' muh', 'sssss' not 'suh', etc) so that your child will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily. We hope that you and your child can have fun learning them!


The following link will take you to a 5 minute DVD clip, demonstrating how we produce our pure sounds to help during our Read Write Inc lessons.


Stretchy sounds (long sounds). Try to avoid saying uh after each one: 

mmmmmmountain (keep lips pressed together hard)

     Maisie, mountain, mountain

sssssnake (keep teeth together and hiss - unvoiced)

      Slither down the snake

nnnnnnet (keep tongue behind teeth)

      Down Nobby, up, over his net

ffffflower (keep teeth on bottom lip and force air out sharply - unvoiced)

      Down the stem and draw the leaves

llllleg (keep pointed curled tongue behind teeth)

     Down the long leg

rrrrrrobot (say rrr as if you are growling)

     Down the robot, up and over his arm

vvvvvvulture (keep teeth on bottom lip and force air out gently)

      Down a wing, up a wing

zzzzzzip (keep teeth together and make a buzzing sound)


th thhhhank you ( stick out tongue and breathe out sharply)

  Down the tower, across the tower, then down the horse's head to the hooves and up over his back

sh shhhh said the horse to the hissing snake (shhh noise as in 'be quiet!')

  Slide down the snake, then down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back

ng thinnnnngg on a strinnnngg (curl your tongue at the back of your throat)

 Down nobby, up, over his net then round the girl’s face, down her hair and give her a curl

nk I think I stink (i.e 'nk' in oink)

 Down nobby, up, over his net then down the kangaroo’s body, tail and leg


Bouncy sounds (short sounds). Make the sound as short as possible avoiding uh at the end of the sound: 

t-t-t tower (tick tongue behind the teeth - unvoiced)

      Down the tower, across the tower

p-p-p pirate (make distinctive p with lips - unvoiced)

      Down the plait, up and over the pirate's face

k-k-k kangaroo (make sharp click at back of throat)

      Down the kangaroo's body, tail and leg

c-c-c caterpillar (as above)

      Curl round the caterpillar

h-h-h horse (say h as you breathe sharply out - unvoiced)

      Down the horse's head to his hooves and up over his back

ch The caterpillar's hairs make the horse sneeze ch-ch-ch (make a short sneezing sound)

     Curl round the caterpillar, then down the horse’s head, to his hooves and up over his back

x-x-x exercise (say a sharp c and add s - unvoiced)

      Cross down the arm and leg and cross the other way


You might find it harder to avoid saying uh at the end of these bouncy sounds.

d-d-d dinosaur (tap tongue behind the teeth)

      Round the dinosaur's bottom, up his tall neck and down to his feet

g-g-g girl (make soft sound in throat)

      Round the girl's face, down her hair and give her a curl

b-b-b boot (make a short, strong b with lips)

      Down to the heel, up and over the toe

j-j-j Jack-in-the-box (push lips forward)

      Down his body, curl and dot

y-y-y yak (keep edges of tongue against teeth)

     Down a horn, up a horn and under the yak's head

w-w-w worm (keep lips tightly pursed)

     Down, up, down, up the worm

qu qu-qu-qu queen (keep lips pursed as you say cw- unvoiced)

     Round the queen's head, up to her crown, down her hair and curl


Vowels- the short vowels should be kept short and sharp:

a-a-a apple (open mouth wide as if to take a bite of an apple)

   Round the apple and down the leaf

e - e-e-e egg (release mouth slightly from a position)

   Chop off the top and scoop out the egg

i - i-i-i insect (make a sharp sound at the back of the throat - smile)

   Down the body and a dot for the head

o - o-o-o orange (push out lips, make the mouth into o shape)

     All around the orange

uu-u-u umbrella (make a sound in the throat)

    Down and under, up to the top and draw the puddle


The long vowel sounds are all stretchy sounds

ayay, may I play?

eeee, what do you see?

ighfly high

owblow the snow

oopoo at the zoo

oolook at a book

arstart the car

orshut the door

airthat's not fair

irwhirl and twirl

oushout it out

oytoy for a boy


Our teachers and teaching assistants at Sheringham Community Primary and Nursery School have been trained in the Read, Write, Inc programme and they can show you how to pronounce these sounds. We hope that you will not hesitate to ask any of our friendly team if you'd like some help!